Working Conditions: Companies are required to take preventive steps to avoid injury in all working conditions that are foreseeable. For example, a crack in the building, malfunctioning machines, factory dust/lint, exposure to hazardous chemicals, etc... Companies should provide training to all employees upon hire and when necessary.
According to the ILO, occupational disease is the leading cause of death in the workforce. While most standards don’t state occupational diseases, it would seem to fall under "preventive measures". However, with 2.4 million annual deaths occurring due to occupational diseases (including in developed countries), it doesn't seem that this issue is being taken seriously. Noise and vibration should be a part of this as well.
Hygienic: All in all, the place should be clean and hygienic. Standards specially mention the bathroom, water fountains and accommodation areas. We would also include asbestos, clean water and air as part of hygiene but they are not always specifically mentioned in the standards.
“A safe and hygienic working environment shall be provided, bearing in mind the prevailing knowledge of the industry and of any specific hazards.” (ETI)
“Workers shall receive regular and recorded health and safety training, and such training shall be repeated for new or reassigned workers.” (ETI)
“The company observing the code shall assign responsibility for health and safety to a senior management representative.” (ETI)
The ILO’s 2002 Protocol “calls for the establishment and periodic review of requirements and procedures for the recording and notification of occupational accidents and diseases, and the publication of related annual statistics.” (ILO)
The ILO has more than 40 Conventions and Recommendations that deal directly with worker safety. Below is a list of a few of those Convention names. The name should provide enough about what standard enacts.
Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964 (No. 120)
Occupational Cancer Convention, 1974 (No. 139)
Working Environment (Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration) Convention, 1977 (No. 148)
Asbestos Convention, 1986 (No. 162)
Chemicals Convention, 1990 (No. 170)
All principles by the WFTO are inline with the main standards. The WFTO's principle states that these requirements must be met by end of year 2.
We would like to see at least basic hygiene and working conditions met on day one. We would also like to see other important working conditions met within year one: chemical exposure, factory dust/lint, cracks in buildings and malfunctioning machines as these are of great concern in the industry. We think the WFTO can improve the most in this area.
ILO global estimates, “2.78 million work-related deaths are recorded every year, of which 2.4 million are related to occupational diseases.”
“Besides the suffering to both employees and their families, according to the ILO the economic losses due to compensation for workplace injury, lost work days, medical coverage is about 3.94 percent of the world’s GDP.” (ILO)