NO CHILD LABORS
No child under the age of 15 shall be employed. Children between (15-17) have certain provisions such as: they are prohibited to work in hazardous conditions, can’t work at night and work should not interfere with their education.
ILO Convention No.182 (1999) “requires ratifying States to eliminate the worst forms of child labour, including: all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, such as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment of children for use in armed conflict; child prostitution and pornography; the use of children for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs; and work which is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children.” (ILO)
The same ILO Convention also requires states to “provide the necessary and appropriate direct assistance for the removal of children from the worst forms of child labour and for their rehabilitation and social integration.” - We also believe this should rest on the brands and manufacturers as well. (ILO)
The ETI states that “There shall be no new recruitment of child labour.“ (ETI)
Prohibition of child labor is mandatory for all members on Day 1. A documented risk assessment related to 15-17 year old homeworkers is mandatory by end of year 2. Child labor standards are still enforceable on Day 1 for all homeworkers.
The ILO estimates that “152 million children worldwide are engaged in child labour, accounting for almost 10 percent of the child population as a whole. Approximately 73 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 are engaged in hazardous work: 35.4 million children between the ages of 5 and 14, and 37.1 million between the ages of 14 and 17.” (ILO)
“Child labour is most prevalent in the agricultural sector, which accounts for 71 per cent of all those in child labour…” (ILO)
By region, there remain: (ILO)
72.1 million child labourers (between the ages of 5 - 17) in Africa
62.1 million in Asia and the Pacific
10.7 million in the Americas
1.2 million in the Arab States
5.5 million in Europe and Central Asia
“The latest ILO estimates of global child labour rates show that middleincome countries represent a total of 84 million child labourers, compared with 65 million in low-income countries.” (ILO)