FAIR TRADE CERTIFIED (FTC)
Originally designed to pay a premium to coffee and chocolate suppliers, Fair Trade Certified has evolved quite a bit over the years. They now focus on community development, transparent supply chains and environmental stewardship. They are also addressing small artisan groups working in textiles and craft. The premise of the certification is for buyers to pay a premium for all products purchased. This is usually a flat rate set out by FTC. That premium is put aside and spent annually. It can be spent in any way possible but is at the employees discretion. Some give all employees extra cash while others have built schools and improved health care.
Employees discretion: The crucial component that FTC developed is how the allocation of the premium would be dispersed. The FTC decided that it would be democratically voted on by the supplier's employees and not the leadership of the company. They, the artisans, decide where that money should be spent.