INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
While the ILO does not deal specifically with the fashion supply chain, it does “set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men.” (ILO). In other words, it encompasses the entire fashion supply chain but also, so much more.
Basically, all mainstream ethical fashion standards are rooted in the Conventions, Recommendations and statistics set forth by the ILO. All other standards researched in this study openly talk about drawing their framework from the ILO. It should be noted, the ILO’s standards are directed at states not organizations. This is a slight but key distinction. States will have different responsibilities in regards to labor standards that organizations just can't provide. The ILO will audit states and the state will write/enforce the labor standards for organizations.
Our general rule of thumb is to use the ILO’s standards as a best practice. Their standards are rooted in some of the best statistics and research in the field. Just remember that they are intended for governing bodies. Currently, there are 187 member states in the ILO and the ILO is a tripartite U.N. agency.